There are many types of electric guitars available today, but most are based on just a few styles that have been around for many years. In this article the main types of electric guitars are identified and their strengths and weaknesses discussed.
Electric guitars are versatile instruments, and most can be used in any style of popular music. However, some instruments are more suited to certain playing styles than others, and fashion can also dictate which guitar a player might use. In the broadest sense, the two main types of electric guitar are solid-bodied guitars and semi-acoustic guitars. Within these two categories are many other variations, the most popular of which are identified below. Archtop and electro-acoustic guitars are also discussed.
Types Of Electric Guitars – Solid Body
Just as the name implies, solid body electric guitars do not have any kind of resonating chamber. Their bodies are made of solid wood; hollowed in places only to allow room for electronics and pickups. Solid body electric guitars rely on the quality of the wood and other components to get their individual sound. They are far more resistant to unwanted feedback than hollow-bodied instruments.
Solid body guitars are the most common types of electric guitars. Below are some of the most popular examples:
Solid-Body Guitar – Stratocaster
The Fender Stratocaster (often shortened to ‘Strat’) is perhaps the most famous of all types of electric guitar. It features distinctive cutaway horns that allow access to higher frets, and a contoured body. The standard configuration is three single coil pickups and a tremolo bar, but many different combinations are in existence. It is a much-copied design, and imitations range in quality from cheap and nasty to as good as if not better than the real thing. Fender themselves make Stratocasters in a range of quality levels. Their USA-made models are extremely well made, high-spec instruments. The quality of Fender’s less-expensive models is variable.
Guitars by other makers that are similar in shape and configuration to the original instruments may also be referred to (unofficially) as ‘Stratocasters’. Fender’s own ‘Squier’ range gives beginners a cheaper route to owning a Fender-made guitar.
The Stratocaster is a versatile instrument, and can be used to play all sorts of music, from country to heavy metal. Some rock and metal players prefer humbucking pickups for a ‘chunkier’ sound, and Fender cater for this with some models. Guitars featuring powerful pickups and locking tremolo systems, etc. are often called ‘Super-Strats’. The Stratocaster is a good choice if you want a guitar that will serve you well whatever kind music you want to play.
Famous Stratocaster users:
Notable Stratocaster users include: Jimi Hendrix, Eric Clapton, David Gilmour, Mark Knopfler and Yngwie Malmsteen.
Types Of Electric Guitars : Telecaster
The Fender Telecaster (or ‘Tele’) is another instantly recognisable guitar, and one which is also highly imitated. It has a simpler design than the Stratocaster, with a single cutaway, two single coil pickups and no tremolo bar. It is known for its ‘thin’, ‘biting’ sound. The Telecaster used to be associated mainly with country music but is now used in many other styles; recently it has become very popular with alternative and indie musicians. The full range of Fender and Squire electric guitars can be viewed at the official Fender site: Fender Guitars.
Famous Telecaster users:
Notable Tele users include: Graham Coxon, Jonny Greenwood, Andy Summers, Jeff Beck and Keith Richards.
Types Of Electric Guitars : Les Paul
A heavyweight guitar with a feel all of its own. The Gibson Les Paul was first produced in the 1950’s with two P-90 single-coil pickups and the distinctive single-cutaway shape. Towards the end of the decade the double humbucker configuration of today was introduced. This is now the standard configuration for the instrument. Much loved by ‘bluesier’ heavy rock players, Les Paul-style guitars are known for a thick sound and lots of sustain. Considerably more expensive than their Fender counterparts, Gibsons are a less-popular choice for beginner guitarists. However, Gibson’s ‘Epiphone’ brand make good-quality ‘entry-level’ versions of Gibson’s well-known models. Like most types of electric guitars, Les Pauls are often imitated by other companies, and many non-Gibson Les Paul-type guitars are available.
Famous Les Paul users:
Notable Les Paul players include: Zakk Wylde, Gary Moore, Jimmy Page, Slash, Buckethead, Peter Green, Steve Hackett.
Types Of Electric Guitars : SG
The SG, with its twin-horned, long-neck design is a lighter guitar than a Les Paul. It has double humbucker pickups with independent tone and volume controls. The long neck does mean that it is not very well balanced, and can take a bit of getting used to. SGs produce a reasonably powerful, full sound that is suitable for blues and metal. The SG is a simple but versatile and very playable guitar, currently enjoying a wave of popularity with rock and indie players alike.
Famous Gibson SG players:
Notable SG users include Robbie Krieger, Frank Zappa, Angus Young, Tony Iommi, Dave Grohl.
Find out more about all of Gibson’s guitars at their site: Gibson Guitars.
Other Popular Types Of Solid-Body Guitars
Types Of Electric Guitars : Semi-Acoustic
Semi-acoustic guitars have a hollow body that gives them a warmer, more dynamically responsive sound than solid-bodied instruments. Semi-acoustic guitars still rely on an amplifier, and do not produce a usable sound when played acoustically. Their responsiveness may explain why they are favoured by blues and jazz guitarists. Semi-acoustic guitars can be prone to unwanted feedback, and many have solid blocks inside their bodies to counter this.
Types Of Electric Guitars : 335
A photogenic guitar, the Gibson ES-335 mixes hollow and solid body types, having a solid block running up the centre of the inside of the instrument. The ES-335 is a long-time favourite of electric blues and fusion players, and is growing in popularity in other fields such as indie (perhaps as much due to its looks as its sound!).
Famous Gibson ES-335 players:
Notable Gibson ES-335 players include: Alvin Lee, Larry Carlton, B.B.King, Roy Orbison, Chuck Berry.
Types Of Electric Guitars : Rickenbacker 330
The distinctive Rickenbacker semi-acoustic guitars were used extensively in the sixties, and today, whilst not as popular as Fender and Gibson models, still have a fair amount of users. They are known for their jangly, bright sound and are popular with 60s-influenced guitar bands.
Types Of Electric Guitars : Archtop
Archtop guitars are hollow-bodied guitars similar in size to acoustic guitars. Their tops and backs are ‘arched’ like those of a violin, and are traditionally carved out of a single piece of wood. Less-expensive models are sometimes constructed using heat-pressed laminates.
Early archtops were played acoustically, but most of today’s instruments are designed to be played with an amplifier and are considered to be semi-acoustics. Archtop guitars produce a thick, acoustic sound with less sustain than solid-bodied instruments. They are most popular among jazz guitarists, and are sometimes referred to as ‘jazz-boxes’.
Types Of Electric Guitars : Gibson ES-175
One of the most widely used guitars in jazz, the ES-175 is a semi-acoustic, hollow-bodied archtop that comes equipped with two humbucking pickups. The ES-175’s deep body produces the thick, dark sound beloved of jazz guitarists and the thin neck allows for fast chording and soloing. The bridge pickup is capable of producing a less jazzy, thinner sound, and ES-175s can be used in blues and rock. ES-175s are very expensive, and good-quality alternatives are available from other companies. The ‘ES’ stands for ‘Electric Spanish’.
Famous Gibson ES-175 players:
Notable Gibson ES-175 players include: Pat Metheny, Steve Howe, Joe Pass, Herb Ellis, Wes Montgomery.
Electro-acoustic guitars are acoustic guitars with pickups. Most can be played acoustically without an amp. They have a very different feel than electric guitars, usually having higher actions, wider fretboards, less accessibility to higher frets and being set up for heavier strings with wound third strings. They are used by solo singer-songwriters, fingerstyle players and rock musicians playing acoustic numbers.